The Indian Rupee — a textbook case in classical charting principles

The U.S. Dollar / Indian Rupee is at a critical juncture on the price charts

Some stocks, foreign exchange crosses and futures markets chart better than others. The USD/INR currency crossrate has been a textbook example of classical charting principles since 2008. A number of remarkably well-defined chart configurations have occurred during this period.

The bull trend in the cross began in 2008 by completing a near perfect rectangle bottom, as shown on the closing price chart below. Using a closing-price chart eliminates intra-day volatility and displays the true price of a currency cross. Note the retest in Apr 2008.


After topping in Mar 2009 (resulting in a H&S top that did not fulfill its implications), the subsequent decline terminated with a 17-month rounding pattern on the weekly graph. This pattern was completed in Sep 2011.


A 10-month symmetrical triangle was completed on the weekly graph in May 2013 and led to the final blow-off top in Sep 2013.

6.9_USDINR_W_blow off

The crossrate has been forming a continuation inverted H&S pattern since Sep 2013, as shown below on the weekly OHLC graph.


The market has been creeping just under the neckline for the past seven weeks, making some intraday jabs through this important resistance line. However, the cross has not been successful in completing this pattern. This hesitation cannot last forever. The chart is reaching a critical juncture. Either a decisive close above 64.50 will complete the H&S and establish a target of 69.50, or the upside momentum will fail. In this case, the daily chart would likely morph in an unpredictable manner.


I am a buyer of the USD/INR if a decisive upside breakout occurs. If I become a buyer, my protective stop would likely be to under 63.40. My sizing would be such that my risk would be about 60 basis points.



This post represents the type of analysis provided on a regular basis to members of the Factor Service. I am happy to report that India is represented in the Factor community, as shown on the map of Factor members below.

Factor world map




Why the New Zealand Dollar is headed to $.6000

The long-term charts have completed and confirmed a major top in the Kiwi

5.28_Kiwi fruit

[Note: Factor LLC trades futures and forex markets based on classical charting principles formulated in the 1920s and 1930s. Factor LLC does not consider global macro fundamental factors in market analysis or speculation.]

The decline in January 2015 completed a 45-month rectangle top on the monthly chart (first chart). This top can be seen in a larger perspective on the second chart displayed.



As a general rule, trends on long-term charts follow a concept known as the “swing principle.” The swing principle holds that major thrusts within a larger trend tend to be equal in length. Applied to the New Zealand Dollar, the decline from the April 2015 high should equal the distance traveled in the decline from the July 2014 high to the February 2015 low. The Swing target in the $NZD/USD is in the area of 60 cents.

The daily chart shows that the rally into the April 2015 high was a hard retest of the rectangle top. The decline on May 28 is a confirmation that the 45-month top interpretation is correct. Major resistance should be uncovered on any rally back toward $.7200 to $.7300.


Disclaimer: Factor LLC is short the New Zealand Dollar




A Soybean chart you will see nowhere else


The agribusiness world does not want to believe Soybeans can return to $7.50.

But the chart shown below suggests such a decline is very possible. Factor is the only trading firm that has constructed a 2015 crop year graph.

The weekly graph is a construct shown by no other printed or online chart service. The chart displays only the 2015 Soybean crop year. The chart is constructed by only using crop year 2015 contracts on a continuation basis.

As shown, the 2015 Soybean crop year completed a massive 43-month H&S pattern in Aug 2014. The rally into the Nov 2014 high was simply a retest of this top. This H&S pattern has targets as low as $6.50, but the $7.50 to $8.25 zone is more realistic.

2015 Crop Year Soybeans

Assuming normal growing conditions in 2015, the fall harvest will bring all-time record Soybeans supplies to market. The daily chart of the Nov 2015 contract posted a new contract low this week and has completed an arguable 8-month descending triangle. An advance above 9.73 would cast some doubt on this interpretation. Only a close above 10.10 would negate this analysis.


Markets: #SOYBEANS, $ZS_F, $ZM_F

Disclosure: Factor is short Soybean futures

Peter L. Brandt and Factor LLC do not endorse products or services advertised on this blog site

Some shorter-term charts that are ready to move

Nasdaq ($NQ_F, $QQQ), S&Ps ($SPX, $ES_F), Apple ($APPL), NYSE Composite Index ($NYA) and Nike ($NKE) appear ready for a strong advances

Hey all you stock market bears, get prepared to fade these breakouts!


4.23_AAPL 4.23_ES_D 4.23_NKE 4.23_NYA 4.23_QQQ

Analyses of these charts — and many others — are routinely provided to members of the Factor Email Service (see upper menu bar)






A technical analysis of the old crop Soybean charts — A MUST read for all farmers and ag businesses


The 2014/2015 Soybean chart strongly suggests a decline to $7.50 and lower

[Note: Factor LLC is a proprietary trading and research firm dating back to 1981 at the Chicago Board of Trade. Since inception, Factor LLC has traded its own capital using classical charting principles. Sometimes the charts are right — sometimes they are wrong. But when a large weekly chart pattern presents itself in the grain markets, traders, farmers and ag businesses must be alert for the possibility indicated by the chart.]

Factor LLC has created a proxy chart for the 2014/2015 Soybean crop year by splicing together the life-of-contract graph of the expired 2014 November Soybean contract with successive delivery months.

The picture is not pretty. Farmers….ignore it at your own risk!

The proxy old-crop Soybean chart completed a massive 3-1/2 year H&S top in mid-July 2014. The market then drifted sideways until late August before drop sharply to the $9.04. Soybeans then rallied into a mid-November retest of the neckline of the H&S top. The July 2015 contract is presently about $1 lower than the mid-November high.


Factor LLC believe the Bean market is just buying time before a sizable decline. There is a strong seasonal tendency for Soybean prices to top when planting is complete and bottom when the crop is in the bin. The seasonal should exert some upward or sideways pressure through early to mid May. Farmers should use any strength during the next six weeks to sell old crop Soybeans and hedge new crop Beans. The pattern target of this H&S top to $8.25. The swing target is to $7.25.


Of course, farmers will say to themselves and each other…

“No way can Beans go to $8.25 much less $7.25. Beans have averaged $12 (at the CBOT) for seven years and I cannot make money at $8. Besides, I have $1 million in new equipment to pay for. “

Unfortunately, the market could care less about the cost of production in the short term. The chart below tells a real story. From 1983 through 2007 the average carryout-to-usage ratio of Soybeans was 12.5% — prices at the Board averaged just north of $6.50. The past seven years have been historic, with an average carryout-to-usage ratio of 4.7%. This is why prices have been high since 2007 — and the only reason. The USDA projected carryout-to-usage ratio for the 2014/2015 old crop Beans is 10.4%. But there is more bad news. The current Soybean/Corn ratio is 2.6 to 1. This will encourage farmers to plant even more acres to Beans than were reported today –setting up another record harvest in the fall.


The chart of the November 2015 Soybean contract exhibits a descending triangle. There is room for prices to rally toward $9.80 to $10 to fill out this triangle. The spike down on Tuesday after the planting intentions report no doubt trapped some short sellers. A rally will be needed to wear out the premature bears. Will prices play out as I have marked on the chart? Probably not, but it is something to watch for.


I have no desire to be short futures at this time. I will watching this market for a shorting opportunity. A decisive close below 940 would be such an opportunity.

Markets: $ZS_F, $ZM_F, $ZL_F



An update on Asian equities — upward explosion ahead


Factor LLC is a proprietary trading firm dating back to 1981 at the Chicago Board of Trade. Factor’s trading is based almost exclusively on the classical charting principles laid down in the 1930s and 1940s by Richard W. Schabacker, John Magee and Robert Edwards. Classical charting is an approach to market speculation based on the premise that certain geometric configurations, when plotted and identified on price charts, can produce possible outcomes. Factor LLC shares the research it conducts on futures, forex and global equity markets with individual and institutional investors via email communications. For more information on Factor’s research and trading services, please click the “Subscription” link on the menu bar.

The roar of the Asian Tiger is getting ever louder

The Asian stock indexes appear poised for substantial gains. Japan is leading the way, but stocks in Taiwan, Singapore and China appear ready to play some catch up.


The charts below are presented with only brief comments.

The Shanghai market is leading the way in China, as shown on the following graph.


Other charts of interest include iShares China Index ($FXI), Goggenheim China Technology ($CQQQ),  Global X China Financials ($CHIX) and the Hang Seng Index ($EWH, $HSIX).





The Taiwan Futures Index ($EWT, $STW_F) has already flashed a major buy signal. The Singapore Futures Index ($EWS, $SSG_F) appears ready to attack the upper boundary of its congestion zone. A resolution of this trading zone would result on substantial advances in Singapore equities.


3.22_Singapore_M 3.22_Taiwan_M

In the world of chart analysis there is a ton of BS being peddled these days. The Factor is not. Try it … we think you will like it. See what the Factor had to say in January about global stock markets here.


A look at the Indian equities market


Bull market in Nifty 50 continues, selected stocks ready to buy, U.S. Dollar in trading range with Rupee

The Factor community has many Indian members. I am extremely impressed by the interest in capital markets within India. This interest is a reflection of all the reasons the Indian economy will continue to grow in the years ahead.


The USD has been in a long-term bull trend against the Rupee (USD gaining on Rupee). The currency cross has remained in a trading range since mid 2013. This trading range is taking the form of an inverted continuation H&S pattern. While objects at rest tend to remain at rest (i.e., trading range), a decisive violation of 65.00 would be an indication that another phase of USD strength against the INR has begun.


SGX Nifty 50

The Indian equities market, as measured by the Nifty 50, is in an historic bull trend. Our target on the Nifty 50 is 10,500. The market is experiencing a set back and consolidation on the daily graph.



The stocks below are presented without comment, other than to say they all appear to be preparing for a mark-up. Traders foreign to India should be aware that there is currency risk in owning individual equities. If at all possible, the Rupee should be hedged.








Thanks to Factor members S.S. and A.K. for keeping me posted on specific equities in India.





Have Gold and Crude Oil bottomed — What do the long-term charts have to say?


History repeats itself — although most often with slightly different twists


Price graphs have provided strong clues to the direction of Gold and Crude Oil in recent years. So the question is — what’s next?


Crude Oil summary

In August 2014 — with Crude Oil prices near $100 — this blog and the Factor email service began predicting a collapse in energy prices. This prediction was based on the formation of a symmetrical triangle pattern. We had been monitoring this triangle for more than a year.  Read our August 2014 analysis here.  The Factor initially projected a decline in Crude Oil to $65 — this target was then lowered to $45. Crude Oil producers scoffed at these forecasts. Crude Oil futures reached $44.20 on Jan 12, 2015.


The talking heads on CNBC and Bloomberg have now declared an end to the Crude Oil bear market. But, has Crude Oil bottomed? Should traders rush out and buy Crude Oil futures or related ETFs. I think not!

Let history be your guide.

After the decline from $147 to $32.48 in 2008 (that’s right — a $114 decline), Crude Oil spent six months building a bottom on the nearby futures contract chart, as shown below. SIX MONTHS! The absolute low-to-date in this current Crude Oil bear trend occurred on Jan 29, only three weeks ago.


There is more to the story on why it is too early to become a Crude Oil bull. After the $114 decline in 2008, Crude Oil futures (nearby contract) advanced 168% from the Dec 19, 2008 low to the May 9, 2010 high, as shown below.

2.19_Crude_2009_2010 advance

Yet, enormous carrying charges developed during the 2008 decline. From Dec 19, 2008 (low for nearby Crude futures) through May 2010, the June 2010 Crude Oil futures advanced only 17% as shown below.



Crude Oil ETFs did not do any better. If a trader bought the ETF OIL on Dec 19, 2008, the day Crude Oil bottomed, and exited at the April 2010 high, the gain was the same 17%. Not exactly a trade to write home about.



The current spread structure in Crude Oil futures has adopted the same profile as was the case at the 2008 low. The Dec 2016 futures closed today at 63.26, representing a 43% advance from the low made by the Feb 2015 contract. The frosting is off the cake. Worst case — Dec 2016 Crude Oil could decline to the mid $40’s as the market endures two to three years of depressed prices. Best shorter-term case — a rally by Dec 2016 Crude toward $70 could be a short sellers delight. Crude Oil prices fell a very long way in 2014, so a sharp snap-back rally is possible. As a classical chartist, I do note a possible H&S bottom in the Dec 2016 contract — so a rally toward $75 cannot be ruled out. But such a rally should be gobbled up by hedgers.


Bottom line — spot Crude Oil may have bottomed, but making money on the long side will be for the quick and nimble. The deferred Crude Oil contracts have not yet seen their lows, although a dead-cat bounce could occur.


Gold summary

My perspective on Gold is unchanged. Gold is the ultimate charting market. The Gold market has always announced its intentions with the formation of a recognizable chart pattern. For background, please read the “Chart History of the Gold Market.”

The last major pattern in Gold was the 20-month descending triangle top completed in Apr 2013. The target of 1165 from this pattern has been met.



Yet, Gold has not developed a daily chart bottom — and I believe this is a necessary condition for any future bull market in the metal. I thought Gold had formed a H&S bottom in Jan 2015, but the recent decline has been too severe, so we are back to the drawing board. I see no trade in Gold at the present time.



Markets: $OIL, $CL_F, $GC_F

Note: This post represents the type of technical analysis provided on a regular basis to members of the Factor service. Within the next few months the Factor service will impose a limit on the number of members — and an application process and waiting list will implemented. For more information on the Factor service, see the menu bar above.








Factor Edition of the Best Chart Patterns in 2014

Each year Factor LLC publishes what it considers to be the previous year’s best examples of classical charting principles. Here is the 2014 edition.

Factor brought a number of these chart situations in advance to the attention of members of the Factor email service. Click the appropriate link on the menu bar above if these type chart patterns interest you.

Cover 2014


European stock index advance stronly while U.S. markets facilate

If you want a bull trend, look to Europe (but hedge your currency risk)


While U.S. stock market indexes display extreme volatility, European indexes are arguably in strong bull markets with room to go.

The DAX is screaming into new all-time record high ground.



The DJ Euro STOXX 50 has also broken into new highs for the current advance, although new all-time highs are some distance away. Nevertheless, the momentum is clearly for higher prices. I am looking for a low risk entry point in futures — and that might be the resolution of the tight flag currently forming.


Of most interest to me as a chartist is the FTSE 100. The quarterly chart displays a 15-year consolidation zone. The FTSE has been hugging the upper boundary of this zone for the past 20 months, as shown by the weekly graph. It could be that the Index is prepared to breakout of this trading range. If so, look for a strong bull trend from the U.K.



Remember, there is currency risk in European markets. If the DAX advances by 15% but the EuroFX declines by 15% if would be a scratch trade. U.S. traders of the European futures indexes would only have currency risk on margin capital But, traders of U.S. ETFs should hedge the value of their purchases.


Markets: $DAX, $Z. $FTSE, $ESTX50